Material Masters Concrete: A Guide To All Concrete Material Types

For centuries, concrete has been the most widely used construction material and is well known for its durability and strength all over the world. 

Depending on your goal, you can alter its composition by adding different materials and using concrete for various applications.

Do you want to know how this diversity in concrete types benefits you? Continue reading this blog to learn everything about different types of material masters concrete.

Importance Of Diversity In Concrete Types

You know different structures have different strength demands. For instance, residential buildings do not require as much strength as a bridge needs. Similarly, everyone can not go for expensive concrete. So, depending on the strength demand of a structure and the economic condition of a project, you can choose a concrete type that best suits you. 

Also, for aesthetic considerations and specialized applications, you can not use the same concrete type. So, again you have a wide choice of selecting it according to your needs.

Types Of Concrete

Based on composition, strength, and applications, there are different types of concrete. Some of the most common are:

1. Normal Strength Concrete

If the structure does not need high tensile strength, you can go with normal-strength concrete. It has aggregate, concrete, and sand in the ratio of 1:2:4 and compressive strength ranging from 3000 to 7000 pounds per square inch. It only takes 30 to 90 minutes to set. Generally, driveway concrete service providers use this type of material on pavements, driveways, and buildings. 

2. Reinforced Concrete

This is the most common concrete used in modern construction and industry. The main reason for its high strength is that wires, steel rods, or cables are inserted into it. Thus, it becomes more resistant to cracks and fatigue. Specifically, reinforced concrete is mostly used in foundations, columns, and beams.

3. Plain Concrete

It is the most basic type of concrete. Its composition is relatively conventional, as cement, sand, and aggregates are mixed in a ratio of 1:2:4. It does not have any decorative finishes or additional enhancements, which is why it is cost-effective. Though it provides satisfactory durability, just like regular concrete, it can not withstand harsh weather conditions.

4. Lightweight Concrete

As the name suggests, this concrete is composed of lightweight aggregates like expanded clay, shale, or slate so that the density of the material is reduced. So, whenever weight reduction is crucial, you can opt for lightweight concrete. It is most commonly used in long-spanning bridging decks, floor, and roof panels, as well as to protect steel structures. 

5. High-Performance Concrete

High-Performance Concrete

If your project requirements are beyond conventional concrete, high-performance concrete is the best option. Its composition includes heavy aggregates like iron ore, magnetite, or barite. This gives it a higher density than normal concrete and more advanced strength and durability. 

This type of concrete is commonly used in nuclear power plants, offshore structures, highway bridges, marine structures, etc.

6. Pre-stressed Concrete

To improve concrete’s ability to resist tension, concrete design masters introduce internal stress before applying external loads. This is how prestressed concrete is prepared. This concrete is used in large-scale projects like heavy-loaded structures, bridges, railway sleepers, etc., and requires more time and effort. Moreover, to process it, you need skilled professionals and heavy equipment. 

7. Precast Concrete

This concrete is prepared early according to the specific measurements. After that, it is transported to a site where it needs to be used and then assembled there. Because it is manufactured in a controlled environment, its quality is remarkable. Moreover, it requires very little assembling time, and there is less disruption on the site. It is mostly used in staircase units, precast walls, concrete blocks, wall panels, etc.

8. Stamped Concrete

Did you know that stamped concrete masters use this concrete type for decorative purposes besides its functional properties? This is because it is a very popular choice worldwide, as different prints and textures are imprinted into freshly poured concrete. It is quite long-lasting and enhances the aesthetic look of both residential and commercial buildings.

Conclusion

We hope now you are aware of a variety of concrete types. Depending on the project requirement and environmental conditions, you need to select the most appropriate type of materials for master concrete to achieve success in your construction projects. To make the best decision, you can also consult a reputable concrete company like PGH Concrete Masters.